Hale, S. L. and R. A. Kloner. Effect of early coronary artery reperfusion on infarct development in a model of low collateral flow. Cardiovasc Res. 21:668-73, 1987.

To characterise collateral blood flow patterns after coronary artery occlusion in the rat and to determine whether tissue can be salvaged by reperfusion in this model, anaesthetised rats were subjected to 20, 30, 40, 60 min of coronary occlusion followed by 24 h of reperfusion or 24 h of permanent occlusion. Relative regional blood flow was measured by radioactive microspheres after 10 min of occlusion in rats undergoing 30 min of occlusion plus reperfusion and in those undergoing 24 h of permanent occlusion. The area at risk was determined by in vivo injection of fluorescent microspheres and necrosis delineated by in vitro tetrazolium staining. Tracings of heart slices were planimetered and the area of necrosis and transmural extent of the infarct measured. Blood flow in the area at risk during occlusion was similar in both the reperfused and permanent occlusion groups. In the 30 min group mean(SEM) subendocardial flow was reduced to 13(5)% of normal and subepicardial flow to 9(3)% and in the permanent occlusion group to 11(2)% and 8(3)% respectively. As delineated by fluorescent microspheres the area at risk was transmural in all rats; however, infarct size expressed as a percentage of the area at risk increased as the duration of occlusion increased. In rats reperfused up to 30 min after occlusion the area of necrosis as a percentage of the area at risk was significantly decreased compared with that in the permanent occlusion group (36.4(9.2)% in rats with 30 min occlusion plus 24 h reperfusion and 78.6(7.4)% in rats with permanent occlusion).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).