Ishikawa, M., T. Mori, S. Itoh, H. Fujiki, K. Koga, M. Tominaga and Y. Yabuuchi. Effects of OPC-18790, a new positive inotropic agent, on energetics in the ischaemic canine heart: a 31P-MRS study. Cardiovasc Res. 30:299-306., 1995.
OBJECTIVE: Effects of OPC-18790, a novel positive inotropic agent, on cardiohaemodynamics and cardiac energetics were assessed simultaneously in dogs with cardiac ischaemia using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) and compared with those of amrinone, a pure cGMP-inhibited PDE inhibitor. METHODS: Cardiac ischaemia was produced by partial stenosis of the coronary artery. Dogs with cardiac ischaemia were instrumented for the determination of regional coronary blood flow (non-radioactive coloured microsphere method), regional contractile function (sonomicrometry), and haemodynamics. Myocardial phosphate compounds were measured simultaneously by 31P-MRS. RESULTS: Coronary stenosis produced regional dyskinesis, a slight decrease in cardiac output (CO), intracellular acidosis, an increase in the inorganic phosphate (Pi)/creatine phosphate (PCr) ratio concomitantly with a decrease in regional coronary blood flow (CBF) in the ischaemic region. OPC-18790 dose-dependently produced an increase in contractility (measured by peak LVdP/dt) and CO, with only slight changes in heart rate (HR) and mean blood pressure (mBP). OPC-18790 did not change regional dyskinesis, but improved the Pi/PCr ratio at the high dose compared with ischaemic values (before drug administration). Amrinone produced an increase in CO comparable to that of OPC-18790; however, the increase in peak LVdP/dt was smaller while the increase in HR and decrease in mBP were larger than those seen with OPC-18790. Amrinone worsened the Pi/PCr ratio and intracellular acidosis only at the high dose. CONCLUSION: These observed differences in energy metabolism between OPC-18790 and amrinone at the high dose may be due to the ability of OPC-18790 to increase CBF in the ischaemic region and which may attributed to its differing effect on overall haemodynamics. Thus, OPC-18790 may be useful in the management of ischaemic heart failure.