Nakai, S., K. Ishikawa, I. Ogawa, H. Koka, N. Kamata, H. Akiyama and R. Katori. New collateral flow increasing early after coronary occlusion prevented myocardial necrosis in dogs. Heart Vessels. 10:171-7, 1995.

Increases in regional myocardial blood flow (Qm) developing soon after myocardial infarction may minimize myocardial necrosis. To test this hypothesis, Qm in the area surrounding an acutely occluded coronary artery was determined successively over 4 weeks in 11 dogs. Non-radioactive colored microspheres were injected into the left atrium 5 s (Qm at this time is referred to as Q1), 3 h (Q2), 12 h (Q3), and 4 weeks (Q4) after occlusion of the coronary artery. After termination of the experiment, the heart was removed, and Qm and three indices of myocardial necrosis i.e., myocardial creatine kinase activity (CK), infarct size determined by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride stain (TTC), and myocardial fibrosis visualized by Azan-Mallory stain, were determined. Each Qm was expressed as a percentage of normal: Qm (% of normal) = [Q/Qc] ischemic area/[Q'/Qc']non-ischemic area x 100, where Qc indicates Qm determined before coronary occlusion. In the ischemic area of the left ventricle, Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 were 25 +/- 3%, 30 +/- 3%, 31 +/- 3%, and 42 +/- 3% of normal, respectively, in the inner layer, and 31 +/- 3%, 52 +/- 4%, 52 +/- 4%, and 77 +/- 6% of normal, respectively, in the outer layers. During the 4-week period, the increase of Qm in the outer layer was greater than that in the inner layer. The inner layer showed a small increase of flow from Q3 to Q4 (9 +/- 2%), but in the outer layer there were greater flow increases from Q1 to Q2 (21 +/- 3%) and from Q3 to Q4 (24 +/- 6%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).