Kobayashi, N., K. Kobayashi, K. Kouno, S. Yagi and H. Matsuoka. Effect of benidipine on microvascular remodeling and coronary flow reserve in two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt hypertension. Journal Of Hypertension. 15:1285-1294, 1997.
Objective To determine whether chronic treatment with benidipine, a calcium antagonist, leads not only to regression of left ventricular hypertrophy, but also to an improvement in coronary flow reserve and microvascular remodeling. Design and methods Two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt hypertensive rats were assigned either to a benidipine-treatment group or to a group without treatment after their kidneys had been clipped for 4 weeks, Benidipine was administered to rats in the treatment group for 6 weeks, At the end of the treatment, the systemic hemodynamics and coronary blood flow were determined in conscious unrestrained rats by using nonradioactive colored microspheres injected through the left atrium. The coronary blood flow was determined in rats of both groups with the rats at rest and after near-maximal vasodilatation induced by carbochrome, For evaluation of the microvascular remodeling capillary density, the wall:lumen ratio of arterioles and perivascular fibrosis were quantified by using an image analyzer after fixation of heart tissue, Results Benidipine treatment lowered the blood pressure significantly with a decrease in total peripheral resistance, and the left ventricular mass decreased markedly compared with that of untreated hypertensive rats. The coronary flow reserve of the untreated hypertensive rats was lower than that of the controls, but benidipine treatment improved the coronary flow reserve. We found a significant decrease in capillary density, and significant increases in wall:lumen ratio and perivascular fibrosis in untreated hypertensive rats. These changes in microvasculature were improved by benidipine treatment, Conclusion Taken together, these results suggest that benidipine exerts favorable effects as an antihypertensive drug by reversing cardiac hypertrophy and improving the coronary flow reserve and microvascular remodeling.