Takahata, O., K. Ichihara, Y. Abiko and H. Ogawa. Sevoflurane preserves endocardial blood flow during coronary ligation in dogs: comparison with adenosine. ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA. 42:225-231, 1998.

Background: Sevoflurane has been reported to attenuate ischaemia-induced changes of myocardial metabolism, but the mechanism is still unclear. We examined the effect of sevoflurane on regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF) in the ischaemic area and compared the flow with that in the presence of adenosine. Method: Twenty-seven mongrel dogs were anaesthetized with fentanyl infused at the rate of 1 mu g.kg(-1) min(-1) throughout the experiment. Then they were divided into 4 groups; 0, 1, 2 MAC sevoflurane groups and adenosine group. Adenosine was infused into the left ventricle at a rate of 14.5 mg.kg(-1).h(-1). The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was ligated for 3 min. RMBF in the endo-and epicardial layers were measured using coloured microspheres. Results: Sevoflurane decreased both systolic and diastolic blood pressures and LV dp/dt max. Adenosine increased heart rate and coronary flow. The endocardial blood flow in 2 MAC sevoflurane was almost the same as that in the 0 MAC group. Adenosine significantly increased the myocardial blood flow. During 3-min ischaemia, endocardial blood flow in the ischaemic area under 2 MAC sevoflurane was essentially the same as those in 0 MAC and adenosine groups, though myocardial work in 2 MAC sevoflurane was lower compared with that of the other groups. Conclusion: Preservation of endocardial blood flow related to the myocardial work during ischaemia occurred during 2 MAC sevoflurane. The decrease in LV dp/dt max induced by 2 MAC sevoflurane is one of the factors responsible for the preservation of the endocardial blood flow during ischaemia.