Suo, Z. M., J. Humphrey, A. Kundtz, F. Sethi, A. Placzek, F. Crawford and M. Mullan. Soluble Alzheimers beta-amyloid constricts the cerebral vasculature in vivo. Neuroscience Letters. 257:77-80, 1998.
Bilateral temporoparietal hypoperfusion has been frequently observed early in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) process. An increased beta-amyloid (A beta) peptide is believed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of AD. In vitro experiments have shown that freshly solubilized A beta enhances constriction of cerebral and peripheral vessels. We propose that in vivo the A beta vasoactive property may contribute to cerebral hypoperfusion of AD patients. To test this hypothesis, we intra-arterially infused freshly solubilized A beta 1-40 in rats and observed changes in cerebral blood flow and cerebrovascular resistance using fluorescent microspheres. We found that infusion of A beta in vivo resulted in a decreased blood flow and increased vascular resistance specifically in cerebral cortex but not in heart or kidneys. These data suggest that A beta has a direct and specific constrictive effect on cerebral vessels in vivo, which may contribute to the cerebral hypoperfusion observed early in the AD process. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.