Hodeige, D., P.-M. De, W. Eechaute, J. Weyne and G. R. Heyndrickx. On the validity of blood flow measurement using colored microspheres. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 45:H1150-H1158, 1999.

The aim of this study was 1) to investigate the validity of repeated estimations of blood flow using colored microspheres (CMS) and 2) to develop and validate a method that permits four consecutive estimations in the same animal using nonradiolabeled microspheres (NRMS). Several mixtures of different types of microspheres were injected in dogs, with each mixture containing the radiolabeled microspheres (RMS; labeled with Sn-113) with either three CMS, four CMS, or three CMS and one type of fluorescent (crimson labeled) microsphere (FMS). The blood flows estimated with the use of any of the injected microspheres were compared with those measured using the RMS as the "gold standard." The results were analyzed by 1) regression analysis, 2) variance analysis (ANOVA I), and 3) estimation of the limits of agreement between RMS and NRMS flow rates. The results indicate that simultaneous estimations of blood flow obtained with the use of more than three CMS lack accuracy and reliability. A combination of three types of CMS with crimson-labeled FMS, however, offers the possibility to estimate consecutively four different flow rates in the same animal in an accurate way and with relatively high precision.