Nakajima, Y., N. Akizuki, Y. Kimura, H. Kohguchi, A. Tanaka, M. Chujo, N. Hattan, Y. Shinozaki, A. Iida, S. Handa, H. Nakazawa and H. Mori. Intramyocardial vascular volume distribution studied by synchrotron radiation-excited X-ray fluorescence. AMERICAN-JOURNAL-OF-PHYSIOLOGY-HEART-AND-CIRCULATORY-PHYSIOLOGY. 277:H2353-H2362, 1999.
We evaluated the vascular volume distribution with fine resolution (0.1-1.3 mg myocardial tissue) in the sagittal plane of the left ventricle by using the microsphere filling method in 21 dogs. The coronary arterial volume density in the sagittal plane did not exhibit normal distribution and was characterized by variability among the outer-to-inner layers and within the layers (+2SD/-2SD > 80 times), and the median values in the layers ranged from 4.7 to 22.9 nl/mg myocardial tissue. The fractal analysis of vascular volume revealed a self-similar nature with a fractal dimension (D value) similar to that of flow distribution (1.20 +/- 0.05 and 1.24 +/- 0.09 for vascular volume and flow distribution, respectively) and had a more marked variability than the flow The correlation of the regional vascular volume between adjacent regions decreased as the distance increased. However, the correlation coefficients in the endocardial-to-epicardial direction were significantly higher than those in the anterior-to-posterior direction (P < 0.05 by paired t-test). In conclusion, we determined intramyocardial vascular volume density in the sagittal plane, and the distribution revealed considerable variability, self-similarity, and asymmetry in the correlation among the adjacent regions. These observations could be related to the characteristics of the intramural coronary vascular network.