Preckel, B., W. Schlack, M. Gonzalez, D. Obal, H. Barthel and V. Thamer. Influence of the angiotensin II AT(1) receptor antagonist irbesartan on isehemia/reperfusion injury in the dog heart. Basic Research In Cardiology. 95:404-412, 2000.

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the non-peptide angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor antagonist irbesartan (SR 47436, EMS 186295, 2-n-butyl-3[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-1,3-diaza-spiro[4,4]non-1-en-4-one) has myocardial protective effects during regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in vivo. Eighteen anesthetized open-chest dogs were instrumented for measurement of left ventricular and aortic pressure (tip manometer and pressure transducer, respectively), and coronary flow (ultrasonic flowprobes). Regional myocardial function was assessed by Doppler displacement transducers as systolic wall thickening (sWT) in the antero-apical and the postero-basal wall. The animals underwent 1 h of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion and subsequent reperfusion for 3 hours. Irbesartan (10 mg kg(-1), n = 9) or the vehicle (KOH, control, n = 9) was injected intravenously 30 min before LAD occlusion. Regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF) was measured after irbesartan injection and at 30 min LAD occlusion using colored microspheres. Infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining after 3 h of reperfusion. There was no recovery of sWT in the LAD perfused area in both groups at the end of the experiments (systolic bulging, -15.1 +/- 6.1 % of baseline (irbesartan) vs. -12.3 +/- 3.0 % (control), mean +/- SEM). Irbesartan led to an increase in RMBF in normal myocardium (2.47 +/- 0.40 vs. 1.35 +/- 0.28 ml min(-1) g(-1), P < 0.05), and also to an increase in collateral blood flow to the ischemic area (0.27 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.17 +/- 0.02 ml min(-1) g(-1), P = < 0.05). Infarct size (percent of area at risk) was 24.8 +/- 3.2 % in the treatment group compared with 26.9 +/- 4.8 % in the control group (P = 0.72). These results indicate that a blockade of angiotensin II AT(1) receptors with irbesartan before coronary artery occlusion led to an increase in RMBF, but did not result in a significant reduction of myocardial infarct size.