Furukawa, S., Y. Nagashima, K. Hoshi, H. Hirao, R. Tanaka, K. Maruo and Y. Yamane. Effects of dopamine infusion on cardiac and renal blood flows in dogs. JOURNAL-OF-VETERINARY-MEDICAL-SCIENCE. 664:41-44, 2002.

In veterinary medicine, dopamine is currently being administered clinically by infusion for treatment of kidney disorders at low doses (less than or equal to3 mug/kg/min) and for assessment of hemodynamics at high doses (greater than or equal to 5 mug/kg/min). However, since high doses of dopamine cause peripheral vasoconstriction due to its effect on alpha adrenoceptors, high doses have no longer been recommended. The present study was conducted to explore possible regimens for the use of dopamine infusion in dogs. The regional (renal and cardiac) blood flow for 60 ruin was measured by using colored microspheres at three doses (3, 10 and 20 mug/kg/min) of dopamine infusion in healthy anesthetized mongrel dogs. The effects on kidney and peripheral hemodynamics at each dose and the resultant cardiac output, mean arterial blood pressure and total peripheral resistance were determined. Renal blood flow increased markedly at 3 mug/kg/min dopamine. Improvement in hemodynamics indicated by marked increase in cardiac blood flow, cardiac output and mean arterial blood pressure and decreased total peripheral resistance was observed at higher doses (10 and 20 mug/kg/min). At 10 mug/kg/min, in addition to the satisfactory increase in cardiac blood flow, there was also a stable satisfactory increase in renal blood flow. However, at 20 mug/kg/min, increased myocardial oxygen consumption (manifested by marked increased in cardiac output), arrythmia and irregular increase in renal blood flow were detected. This study suggests that the clinical use of dopamine infusion in dogs could be safely expanded to moderately higher doses.